Munson Health
 
Mumps

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by Badash M

(Epidemic Parotitis)

 

Symptoms

About one-third of cases do not have symptoms. Symptoms often occur 2-3 weeks after exposure to the virus.
Mumps may cause:
Other areas may also be affected, such as:
  • Swelling and pain under the tongue, jaw, or front of the chest
  • In males: painful inflammation of the testicles
  • In females—inflammation of the ovaries, which results in pain or tenderness in the abdomen
 

Prevention

Getting vaccinated is the best way to prevent mumps. The vaccine contains live viruses that can no longer cause disease. The mumps vaccine is usually given in combination with:
The regular schedule for giving the vaccine is at age 12-15 months and again at age 4-6 years.
Ask your doctor if the vaccine is right for you. In general, avoid the vaccine if you:
  • Have had severe allergic reactions to vaccines or vaccine components
  • Are pregnant—Avoid pregnancy for 1-3 months after receiving the vaccine.
  • Have a weakened immune system
  • Have a high fever or severe upper respiratory tract infection
If you are not vaccinated, avoid contact with someone who has mumps. Discuss the benefits of vaccination with your doctor.
 

RESOURCES

Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics
http://www.healthychildren.org

Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
http://familydoctor.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

About Kids Health—The Hospital for Sick Children
http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca

The College of Family Physicians of Canada
http://www.cfpc.ca

 

References


Kassianos G. Vaccination for tomorrow: the need to improve immunisation rates. J Fam Health Care. 2010;20(1):13-6.


Mumps. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mumps. Updated July 1, 2014. Accessed August 27, 2014.


Mumps. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 28, 2014. Accessed August 27, 2014.


Mumps. Nemours Kids Health website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/general/sick/mumps.html. Updated July 2012. Accessed August 27, 2014.


Mumps. Immunization Action Committee website. Available at: http://www.vaccineinformation.org/mumps. Updated August 3, 2014. Accessed August 27, 2014.

 

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