Munson Health
Hammer Toe

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by Lyons S



Risk Factors

Factors that increase your chance of getting hammer toe include:
  • Family history of hammer toe
  • Arthritis
  • Foot and ankle abnormalities
  • Frequent use of the inappropriate footwear:
    • Shoes that don't fit properly, for either an adult or child
    • High heels
    • Narrow-toed shoes
  • The foot having a high arch
  • Muscle weakness in the foot
  • Nerve damage in the foot
  • Injury to a toe


American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

American Podiatric Medical Association



Health Canada

Nurses Entrepreneurial Foot Care Association of Canada



Hammer toe. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: Updated September 2012. Accessed March 25, 2013 .

Hammertoes. American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons Foot Health Facts website. Available at: Updated December 18, 2009. Accessed March 25, 2013.

Hammer toe. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated May 25, 2010. Accessed March 25, 2013 .


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