What Is Potassium?
Potassium is a mineral found in many different foods, including whole grains, fruits, vegetables, milk, dried beans, and peas. Potassium helps maintain normal blood pressure and also helps muscles, including the heart, to contract properly.
Why Follow a Low-potassium Diet?
Your doctor may recommend following a low-potassium diet if you have kidney problems or are taking certain medications. If you have kidney problems, excess potassium can build up to dangerous levels in your blood. This can lead to muscle weakness or
Why Follow a High-potassium Diet?
When combined with a low-sodium diet, a diet high in potassium can help lower
high blood pressure
. This can help lower the risk of
and other complications of high blood pressure. However, anyone with kidney problems should not follow a high-potassium diet without first checking with their doctor.
The following foods contain more than 200 milligrams of potassium per serving and are therefore considered to be high in potassium.
- Dried fruits
- Grapefruit juice
- Honeydew melon
- Orange juice
- Pomegranate juice
- Prune juice
- Acorn squash
- Bamboo shoots
- Baked beans
- Butternut squash
- Black beans
- Brussels sprouts
- Chinese cabbage
- Dried beans and peas
- Greens, except kale
- Hubbard squash
- Mushrooms, canned
- Potatoes, white and sweet
- Refried beans
- Spinach, cooked
- Tomatoes, tomato products
- Vegetable juices
- Bran/Bran Products
- Milk, all types
- Nutritional supplements
- Nuts and seeds
- Peanut butter
- Salt substitutes
- Salt free broth
The following foods are considered to be low in potassium. Realize, however, that eating more than one of serving of any of these foods can make it a high-potassium food.
- Apple juice
- Apple sauce
- Fruit cocktail
- Grape juice
- Mushrooms, fresh
- Water chestnuts
- Bread and bread products (*not whole grains)
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
American Society for Nutrition
Dietitians of Canada
The Kidney Foundation of Canada
Hyperkalemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 14, 2013. Accessed October 21, 2013.
Hypokalemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 15, 2012. Accessed October 21, 2013.
Kidney disease: eating a safe amount of potassium. US Department of Veterans Affairs website. Available at:
http://www.veteranshealthlibrary.org/RelatedItems/142,83182%5FVA. Accessed October 21, 2013.
Kidney disease: High- and low-potassium foods. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics website. Available at: http://www.eatright.org/Public/content.aspx?id=4294967541. Updated December 2012. Accessed October 21, 2013.
Potassium. American Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics website. Available at: http://www.eatright.org/Public/content.aspx?id=6801. Updated January 2013. Accessed October 21, 2013.
Potassium and your CKD diet. National Kidney Foundation website. Available at:
http://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/potassium.cfm. Accessed October 21, 2013.