Munson Health
 
Viral Meningitis

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by Alan R
 

Causes

Viral meningitis is caused by a virus such as:
Viruses can be spread in numerous ways including:
  • Contact with fluids from the cough or sneeze of an infected person
  • Contact with feces from an infected person
  • Close personal contact with someone who is sick
  • Through insect bites
 

Prevention

You can not control where a virus goes after it is in your body. However, you can take steps to prevent viral infections:
  • Wash your hands often, especially:
    • If you are in close contact with an infected person
    • After you change the diaper of an infected infant
  • Regularly wash objects and surfaces touched by children. Use a diluted bleach solution.
  • Ask your doctor about appropriate vaccinations, especially if you've never had measles, mumps, rubella, and chickenpox.
  • To prevent infections spread by mosquito bites:
    • Follow public health recommendations for reducing mosquitoes near your home.
    • Take steps to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes. Use insect repellent and appropriate clothing when outdoors.
    • Avoid areas or being outside when mosquitoes are prevalent.
  • If you are contemplating a pregnancy:
    • Be sure you are protected from common diseases like chickenpox. Ask your doctor about recommended vaccinations.
    • Avoid all contact with rodents during pregnancy.
 

RESOURCES

Meningitis Foundation of America
http://www.musa.org

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

Public Health Agency of Canada
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca

 

References


Meningitis. US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/index.html . Updated March 15, 2012. Accessed June 17, 2013.


Viral meningitis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/viral.html . Updated March 15, 2012. Accessed June 17, 2013.


Viral meningitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 17, 2010. Accessed June 17, 2013.

 

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