Munson Health
High Triglycerides

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by Alan R

( Triglycerides, High; Hypertriglyceridemia; Hyperlipidemia; Dyslipidemia)



High triglyceride levels usually do not cause symptoms. Very high levels of triglycerides can cause:
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting—associated with acute pancreatitis
Elevated triglyceride levels can increase your risk of atherosclerosis. This is a dangerous hardening of the arteries. It can end up blocking blood flow. In some cases, this may result in:
Blood Vessel with Atherosclerosis
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Treatment is not only aimed at correcting your triglyceride levels, but also at lowering your overall risk for heart disease and stroke.

Diet Changes

Lifestyle Changes

  • Maintain a healthy weight .
  • If you smoke, talk to your doctor about ways to quit.
  • Exercise regularly. Talk to you doctor before starting an exercise program.
  • Make sure other medical conditions, such as high blood pressure and diabetes, are being treated and controlled.


There are a number of drugs available, such as statins, to treat this condition and help lower your risk for heart disease. Statins have been shown to reduce death, heart attacks, and stroke in patients with high triglycerides. Talk to your doctor about whether these medications are right for you.
These medications are best used as additions to diet and exercise and should not replace healthy lifestyle changes.


American Heart Association

Vascular Web



Canadian Cardiovascular Society

Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada



Hypertriglyceridemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated August 20, 2013. Accessed August 27, 2013.

Side effects of anti-HIV medications. National Institutes of Health website. Available at: Published October 2005. Accessed August 27, 2013.

Triglycerides. American Heart Association website. Available at: Updated October 26, 2012. Accessed August 27, 2013.

7/22/2008 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance Daniels SR, Greer FR; Committee on Nutrition. Lipid screening and cardiovascular health in childhood. Pediatrics. 2008;122:198-208.


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