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Gastritis

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by Carson-DeWitt R
 

Causes

Causes of acute gastritis include:
Causes of chronic gastritis include:
  • Bacterial infection, such as Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori )
  • Viral infection
  • Fungal infection
  • NSAID use
  • Alcohol use
  • Reflux of bile into the stomach
  • Autoimmune diseases such as Crohns disease , or sarcoidosis
  • Pernicious anemia , a cause of autoimmune gastritis
  • Radiation treatment
  • Swallowing caustic substances
 

Symptoms

Symptoms may include:
If the gastritis is causing bleeding, you may notice:
  • Bloody or black vomit
  • Bloody or dark black, tarry stools
 

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests may include:
  • Upper GI series —a series of x-rays of the upper digestive system taken after drinking a barium solution
  • Endoscopy —a thin, lighted tube inserted down the throat and into the stomach to examine the inside of the stomach
  • Biopsy
  • Blood, breath, or stool tests—to check for infection with the bacteria H. pylori
Upper GI Endoscopy
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Treatment

Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options may include:

Medications

Medications for gastritis help relieve symptoms and help heal the stomach lining. Medications are available over-the-counter or by prescription. Your doctor may recommend:
  • Antacids
  • H-2 blockers
  • Proton pump inhibitors
  • Antibiotics if an infection is present or possible
Treatment may also include stopping or changing NSAIDs or other medications that may be causing the irritation.
If you are diagnosed with gastritis, follow your doctor's instructions .
 

RESOURCES

The American Gastroenterological Association
http://www.gastro.org

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders
http://niddk.nih.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

The Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
http://www.cag-acg.org

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

 

References


Acute gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated March 18, 2013. Accessed May 1, 2013.


Chronic gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 6, 2012. Accessed May 1, 2013.


Gastritis. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/gastritis . Updated April 23, 2012. Accessed May 1, 2013.

 

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