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Ulcerative Colitis

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by Carson-DeWitt R

(UC; Colitis, Ulcerative)

 

Definition

  • Inflammation
  • Ulcers
  • Bleeding in the lining of the colon and rectum
Ulcerative Colitis
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Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
 

Symptoms

Symptoms may include:
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal cramps and pain
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Anemia
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue, weakness
  • Nausea
  • Fever
 

Treatment

Treatment options may include:

Dietary Changes

Your doctor may recommend that you avoid certain foods that trigger symptoms, such as:
Talk to your doctor to learn more about the types of foods that you should avoid.

Medications

There are a range of medicines that may be prescribed, such as:
  • Aminosalicylate medicines (such as, sulfasalazine, mesalamine, olsalazine, balsalazide disodium)
  • Steroid anti-inflammatory medicines (such as, prednisone, methylprednisolone, budesonide)
  • Immune modifier medicines (such as, azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine, cyclosporine)
  • Biological agents (such as, infliximab, adalimumab)

Surgery

Medicine may not cure very severe UC. In some cases, your doctor may suggest surgery . This can involve having all or part of the colon removed. Surgery may also be done because UC increases your risk of colon cancer .
Over time, colitis that is not treated or that does not respond to treatment can lead to:
If you are diagnosed with ulcerative colitis, follow your doctor's instructions .
 

RESOURCES

American Gastroenterological Society
http://www.gastro.org/

Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America
http://www.ccfa.org/

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

The Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
http://www.cag-acg.org/

Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of Canada
http://www.ccfc.ca

 

References


Richman S, Schub T. Ulcerative colitis. EBSCO Nursing Reference Center. Available at: www.ebscohost.com/pointOfCare/nrc-about . Updated August 2012. Accessed September 5, 2012.


Ulcerative colitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated September 2, 2012. Accessed September 5, 2012.


What is ulcerative colitis? Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America website. Available at: www.ccfa.org/what-are-crohns-and-colitis/what-is-ulcerative-colitis/ . Accessed September 5, 2012.

 

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