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by Badash M

(Teeth Grinding)


Risk Factors

Bruxism is more common in people aged 40 or younger. Women aged 27-40 years old are more likely to get bruxism.
Factors that may increase your risk of bruxism include:


Methods of treatment include:

Orthodontic Treatment

Your dentist may advise:
  • A protective mouth appliance, such as a night guard. It can absorb the pressure of constant night grinding.
  • Correction of misaligned teeth if your bruxism might be caused by this.


Medication is only recommended for short-term use. Medications may include:
  • Muscle relaxants before sleep
  • Mild sleeping aids
  • Injection of botulinum toxin (Botox) in severe cases if other treatment not working
Bruxism that is not treated may result in gum damage, tooth loss, and jaw-related disorders.


Academy of General Dentistry

Mouth Healthy—American Dental Association



Canadian Dental Association

The Canadian Dental Hygienists Association



Bruxism. University of Virginia Health System website. Available at: Accessed September 9, 2014.

Chang H. Botulism toxin: use in disorders of the temporomandibular joint. Dent Today. 2005;24:48,50-51.

Tan EK, Jankovic J. Treating severe bruxism with botulinum toxin. J Am Dent Assoc. 2000;131:211-216.

Teeth grinding. Mouth Healthy—American Dental Association website. Available at: Accessed September 9, 2014.


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