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Measles, Mumps, Rubella Vaccine

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by Glickman-Simon R

(MMR Vaccine; Measles Vaccine; Mumps Vaccine; Rubella Vaccine)

 

What Are Measles, Mumps, and Rubella?

Measles is a viral infection that can cause rash, cough, runny nose, eye irritation, and fever. It can lead to ear infection, pneumonia, seizures, brain damage, and death.
Mumps is a viral infection that can result in fever, headache, muscle pain, loss of appetite, and swollen glands. It can lead to deafness, infection of the brain and spinal cord covering, painful swelling of the testicles or ovaries, and sterility.
Rubella is a viral infection that can can result in a rash, mild fever, or arthritis. Pregnant women who have rubella are at increased risk for miscarriage. Their babies may be born with severe birth defects.
 

Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?

In some cases, the vaccine should be delayed, such as:
  • People who are very sick
  • Women who are planning to become pregnant or those who are pregnant
Most children and teens should receive their vaccinations on schedule. However, certain groups should not be vaccinated:
  • People with immune system disorders—If you have HIV and are doing well, you should consider getting the vaccine. Measles can be fatal if you have HIV.
  • People being treated with drugs that affect the immune system.
  • People who have cancer or are being treated for cancer with radiation or drugs.
  • People with a low platelet count should talk to their doctor about whether to get the vaccine.
  • People who have received another vaccine within the past 4 weeks.
  • People who have had a recent transfusion or who have received other blood products should talk to their doctor about whether to get the vaccine.
  • Pregnant women—Avoid becoming pregnant for at least 1 month after getting the vaccine.
  • Previous severe allergic reaction to the vaccine or its components.
 


WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION?

Immunization
American Academy of Pediatrics
http://www.aap.org

Vaccines & Immunizations
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov

 

References


Measles, mumps, and rubella: vaccine use and strategies for elimination of measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome and control of mumps: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00053391.htm. Published May 22, 1998. Accessed August 27, 2014.


Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 28, 2014. Accessed August 27, 2014.


MMR vaccine: What you need to know. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/mmr.pdf. Updated April 20, 2012. Accessed August 27, 2014.


5/27/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Measles—United States, January—May 20, 2011. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011;60(20):666-668.

 

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