Munson Health
 
Medications for AIDS

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by Wood D
 
The information provided here is meant to give you a general idea about each of the medications listed below. Please review any specific side effects or special instructions with your doctor. Use each of these medications as recommended by your doctor, or according to the instructions provided. If you have further questions about usage or side effects, contact your doctor.
Medications are given to treat and control HIV viral infections in the body. As research continues, new drugs are becoming available. It is extremely important to take the medications exactly as prescribed especially since HIV resistance to medication can develop if doses are skipped. Work with your doctor to develop a plan of treatment that can best fit your needs. This plan may change as new treatments become available.
Drugs are typically prescribed in combination. Treatment with a combination of drugs is referred to as highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Doctors attribute longer survival and improved health in people with HIV infection to the use of HAART.

Prescription Medications

  • Ritonavir
  • Saquinavir
  • Nelfinavir
  • Lopinavir/ritonavir
  • Fosamprenavir
  • Atazanavir
  • Tipranavir
  • Darunavir
  • AZT
  • ddC
  • ddI
  • d4T
  • Lamivudine
  • Abacavir
  • Emtricitabine
  • Tenofovir
  • Zidovudine and lamivudine
  • Zidovudine, lamivudine, and abacavir
  • Abacavir and lamivudine
  • Emtricitabine and tenofovir
  • Delavirdine
  • Nevirapine
  • Efavirenz
  • Etravirine
  • Rilpivirine
  • Enfuvirtide
  • Raltegravir
  • Elvitegravir
  • Dolutegravir
  • Maraviroc
Once a day complete combination treatment pills:
  • Efavirenz, tenofovir, and emtricitabine
  • Rilpivirine, tenofovir and emtricitabine
  • Elvitegravir, cobicistat, tendofovir and emtricitabine
  • Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole
  • Pentamidine
  • Foscarnet
  • Ganciclovir
  • Atovaquone
  • Valacyclovir
  • Valganciclovir
In addition, combinations of some of the above medications can be prescribed as one pill.
 

References


Antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated November 9, 2013. Accessed November 19, 2013.


FDA approves new drug to treat HIV infection. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm364744.htm. Updated August 12, 2013. Accessed November 19, 2013.


HIV/AIDS. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease website. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/HIVAIDS/Understanding/Pages/whatAreHIVAIDS.aspx. Accessed November 19, 2013.


HIV/AIDS. Center for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/index.html. Updated November 8, 2013. Accessed November 19, 2013.


A guide to primary care of people with HIV/AIDS. National Institute of Health and Human Services website. Available at: http://hab.hrsa.gov/deliverhivaidscare/files/primary2004ed.pdf. Accessed November 19, 2013.


HIV and AIDS treatment. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/hiv-and-aids/treatment.html. Updated December 2010. Accessed November 19, 2013.


2/21/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Mallal S, Phillips E, Carosi G, et al. HLA-B5701 screening for hypersensitivity to abacavir. N Engl J Med. 2008;358:568-579.


11/10/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Intelence (etravirine). US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch/SafetyInformation/SafetyAlertsforHumanMedicalProducts/ucm180579.htm. Updated August 30, 2013. Accessed November 19, 2013.


2/4/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: HHS Panel on Antiretroviral Guidelines for Adults and Adolescents Recommends a Fixed-Dose Combination Product of Elvitegravir/ Cobicistat/Tenofovir/Emtricitabine as an Alternative Regimen in Antiretroviral Treatment-Naive Individuals with HIV-1 Infection. Available at: http://aidsinfo.nih.gov/contentfiles/AdultARVStatementOnEVG%5FCOBI%5FTDF%5FFTC.pdf. Accessed November 19, 2013.

 

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