Munson Health
Port-Wine Stains

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by Kohnle D

( Nevus flammeus )



Since some stains may also be associated with other medical conditions, your doctor may order other tests to look for any of these related conditions.
Skin Biopsy
Skin proceedure
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.


American Academy of Dermatology

Vascular Birthmarks Foundation



Canadian Dermatology Association

Health Canada



Alster TS, Tanzi EL. Combined 595-nm and 1,064-nm laser irradiation of recalcitrant and hypertrophic port-wine stains in children and adults. Dermatol Surg. 2009 Jun;35(6):914-918.

Jasim ZF, Handley JM. Treatment of pulsed dye laser-resistant port wine stain birthmarks. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2007 Oct;57(4):677-682.

Laser and non surgical enhancements. Duke University Medical Center website. Available at: Accessed August 28, 2014.

Port wine stain. Nemours Kids Health website. Available at: Updated September 2013. Accessed August 28, 2014.

Port-wine stain. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated May 29, 2014. Accessed August 28, 2014.

Port-wine stain information. Vascular Birthmark Foundation website. Available at: Accessed August 28, 2014.


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