Munson Health
Placental Abruption

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by Kohnle D

(Premature Separation of Placenta; Ablatio Placentae; Abruptio Placentae)


Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your chance of developing placental abruption:


Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include:

Intravenous Treatments

Fluids may be given by IV to replace lost fluids. Blood transfusions may also be given to replace lost blood supply.
The mother and fetus will be carefully monitored for signs of distress or shock, including abnormal heart rates.

Emergency Cesarean Delivery

If danger exists for mother or fetus, an emergency cesarean section may be done. If both the mother and fetus are at low risk of complications and the fetus is full-term, the mother may deliver vaginally.


The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

American Pregnancy Association



The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada

Women's Health



Bleeding in pregnancy, placenta previa, placental abruption. Lucile-Packard Children's Hospital website. Available at: Accessed June 5, 2013.

Neilson JP. Interventions for treating placental abruption. Cochrane Database for Syst Rev. 2003;(1):CD003247.

Placental abruption. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated February 14, 2013. Accessed June 5, 2013.

Placental abruption: abruptio placentae. American Pregnancy Association website. Available at: Updated November 2006. Accessed June 5, 2013.

Tikkanen M. Etiology, clinical manifestations, and prediction of placental abruption. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2010;89(6):732-740.


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