Munson Health
Ventricular Septal Defect

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by McCoy K



Risk Factors

Factors that increase your chances of VSD include:


A small VSD may not cause symptoms Some VSDs may cause the following symptoms:
  • Heart murmur
  • Signs of heart failure during infancy
    • Difficulty feeding
    • Poor growth
    • Fast breathing


American Heart Association

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute



Canadian Cardiovascular Society

Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada



Crenshaw BS, et al. Risk factors, angiographic patterns, and outcomes in patients with ventricular septal defect complicating acute myocardial infarction. Circulation. 2000;101;27-32.

What are holes in the heart? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: . Updated July 1, 2011. Accessed June 28, 2013.

Ventricular septal defect (VSD). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: . Updated June 14, 2012. Accessed June 28, 2013.


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