Munson Health
Vascular Dementia

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by Alan R

(Binswanger’s Disease; Senile Dementia; Binswanger’s Type; Vascular Cognitive Impairment; Arteriosclerotic Dementia; Atherosclerotic Disease)



Vascular dementia is a type of dementia. It is caused by disease of the small blood vessels in the brain. Parts of the brain called white matter along with grey matter are injured by multiple small strokes.
Healthy and Injured Brain Blood Vessels
Blood Flow and Lack of Blood Flow to the Brain
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your chances of developing vascular dementia include:


The symptoms of vascular dementia can resemble other causes of dementia, such as Alzheimer’s disease.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Pictures may be taken of your brain and bodily structures. This can be done with:
Your heart and brain activity may be evaluated. This can be done with:
Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with blood tests.


There is no known cure for vascular dementia. Reducing risk factors and symptoms are important in trying to slow disease progression and improve quality of life.
Medications can be given to help limit or control symptoms and possibly slow progression of the disease. These include:


There are no definitive guidelines to prevent vascular dementia. However, the following may help reduce your risk:


Alzheimer’s Association

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke



Alzheimer Society of Canada

Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada



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