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Alexic Anomia

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by Cresse M

(Alexia; Word Blindness; Text Blindness; Visual Aphasia)

 

Definition

Alexic anomia happens when you lose your ability to understand written words. You can no longer read and name words. This is a type of aphasia, which is a language disorder. It is caused by the brain not functioning correctly. This is a serious condition that may change over time, depending on the cause.
Stroke—Most Common Cause of Alexic Anomia
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Causes

Alexic anomia is caused by damage to the language areas of the brain, for example:
 

Prevention

Stroke is the most common cause of aphasia. Follow these guidelines to help prevent stroke:
 

RESOURCES

National Aphasia Association
http://www.aphasia.org

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
http://www.nidcd.nih.gov

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
http://www.ninds.nih.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Aphasia Institute
http://www.aphasia.ca

Brain Injury Association of Alberta
http://www.biaa.ca

Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
http://ww2.heartandstroke.ca

 

References


Aphasia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated September 2, 2012. Accessed May 16, 2013.


Cherny LR. Aphasia, alexia, and oral reading. Top Stroke Rehabil. 2004;11:22-36.


Freedman L, Selchen DH, et al. Posterior cortical dementia with alexia: neurobehavioural, MRI, and PET findings. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1991;54;443-448.


Kirshner HS. Aphasia and aphasic syndromes. In: Bradley WG, Daroff RB, Fenichel GM, eds. Neurology in Clinical Practice. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Butterworth Heniemann Elsevier; 2008: 141-160.


Aphasia information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/aphasia/aphasia.htm. Updated July 9, 2012. Accessed May 16, 2013.


Stedman TL. Stedman’s Medical Dictionary. 28th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005;48; 177; B13-B14.

 

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