Munson Health
 
Asthma -- Child

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by Kellicker PG
 

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your child’s chance of asthma include:
 

Treatment

Talk with your child’s doctor about the best plan for your child. You and your child's doctor should also create an asthma action plan. This is a plan your child will follow to help control asthma and handle asthma attacks. Treatment will vary based on symptoms and the number of asthma episodes your child has. It is important that you stick to your child's treatment plan.
Treatment options include the following:

Lifestyle Changes

You can help your child reduce the chance of triggering an asthma attack by making lifestyle changes, such as:
  • Know what your child is allergic to and avoid known triggers. These may include certain pollen, dust, foods, and air pollution.
  • Avoid outside activities if there are high levels of air pollution, pollen, or mold spores.
  • Keep your windows closed during seasons with high pollen or mold spores. Air conditioning may help filter out allergens during warm seasons.
  • Consider getting a portable HEPA unit air cleaner to use in sleeping areas, for your heating/cooling system, and your vacuum cleaner.
  • Avoid exposing your child to tobacco smoke.
  • Have proper heating, cooling, and ventilation systems in your home.
  • Keep the humidity down in your house. This may help prevent the growth of mold.

Immunotherapy

Your child’s asthma may be triggered by allergies. In this case, your doctor may advise allergy shots. These shots are small amounts of an allergen injected into the skin. Over time, your child will react less to the specific allergen(s). With less triggers, the asthma also decreases.
Sublingual immunotherapy may also be used. This type of treatment involves putting the allergic substances under the tongue, rather than using allergy shots.
 

RESOURCES

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology
http://www.aaaai.org

Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America
http://www.aafa.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Asthma Society of Canada
http://www.asthma.ca

Canadian Lung Association
http://www.lung.ca

 

References


Asthma in children. DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 7, 2014. Accessed August 21, 2014.


Asthma overview. American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology website. Available at: http://www.aaaai.org/patients/allergic%5Fconditions/pediatric%5Fasthma/diagnosis%5Fasthma.stm. Accessed August 21, 2014.


SW Stoloff. The current and future state of asthma treatment. Clinical Cornerstone: The Current and Future State of Asthma Treatment. 2008; 8(4):26-43.


What causes asthma? National Heart Lung and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Asthma/Asthma%5FCauses.html. Updated June 15, 2012. Accessed August 21, 2014.


10/9/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Mireku N, Wang Y, et al. Changes in weather and the effects on pediatric asthma exacerbations. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2009;(3):220-224.


10/30/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Bernard A, Nickmilder M, et al. Impact of chlorinated swimming pool attendance on the respiratory health of adolescents. Pediatrics. 2009;124(4):1110-1118.


8/23/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Beasley R, Clayton T, et al. Acetaminophen use and risk of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in adolescents: ISAAC phase three. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010 Aug 13 early online.


10/8/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Ducharme F, Chroinin M, et al. Addition of long-acting beta2-agonists to inhaled corticosteroids versus same dose inhaled corticosteroids for chronic asthma in adults and children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(5):CD005535.


5/4/2012 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Woodfine L, Neal RD, et al. Enhancing ventilation in homes of children with asthma: pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Br J Gen Pract. 2011;61(592):e724-732.


8/27/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Kim JM, Lin SY, et al. Allergen-specific immunotherapy for pediatric asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis: a systematic review. Pediatrics. 2013 Jun;131(6):1155-67.

 

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