Munson Health
 
Acute Compartment Syndrome

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by Cresse M

(ACS; Compartment Syndrome, Acute; Volkmann’s Ischemia)

 

Risk Factors

These factors increase your chance of developing ACS:
 

Diagnosis

You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Images may be taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with:
The pressure inside your compartments will be measured. This can be done with:
  • Slit catheter
  • Tonometer
  • Near-infrared spectroscopy
Your bodily fluids will be tested. This can be done with blood tests.
 

RESOURCES

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org

National Institutes of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
http://www.niams.nih.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation
http://www.canorth.org

Canadian Physiotherapy Association
http://www.physiotherapy.ca

 

References


Basic metabolic panel. Lab Tests Online website. Available at: http://labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/bmp/glance.html. Updated September 6, 2012. Accessed November 25, 2013.


Cascio B, Wilckens J, et al. Documentation of acute compartment syndrome at an academic health-care center. J Bone Joint Surg. 2005;87:346-350.


Compartment syndrome. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00204#Cause. Updated October 2009. Accessed November 25, 2013.


Compartment syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 20, 2013. Accessed November 25, 2013.


Complete blood count. Lab Tests Online website. Available at: http://labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/cbc/test.html. Updated June 25, 2012. Accessed October 24, 2012.


Comprehensive metabolic panel. Lab Tests Online website. Available at: http://labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/cmp/glance.html. Updated September 6, 2012. Accessed November 25, 2013.


Erdos J, Dlaska C, et al. Acute compartment syndrome in children: a case series in 24 patients and review of the literature. Int Orthop. 2011 Apr;35(4):569-575.


Rorabeck CH, Macnab I. The pathophysiology of the anterior tibial compartmental syndrome.  Clin Orthop. 1975;52-57.


Whitesides TE, Heckman MM. Acute compartment syndrome: Update on diagnosis and treatment. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 1996;4:209-218.

 

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