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Spasmodic Dysphonia

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by Cresse M

(SD; Adductor Laryngeal Breathing Dystonia (ABLD); Adductor Spasmodic Dysphonia; Abductor Spasmodic Dysphonia; Dysphonia, Episodic Laryngeal Dyskinesia; Laryngeal Dystonia; Spastic Dysphonia)

 

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your chance of developing SD include:
 

Diagnosis

You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Images may be taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with:
You may be referred to a team of specialists, including:
  • Neurologist—to evaluate your brain function
  • Speech pathologist—to evaluate your speech and how it’s produced
  • Otolaryngologist—to evaluate your vocal cords
 

RESOURCES

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
http://www.asha.org

National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association
http://www.dysphonia.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Ontario Association for Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists
http://www.osla.on.ca

Speech-Language & Audiology Canada
http://www.caslpa.ca

 

References


Daniilidou, P, Carding P, Wilson, J, Drinnan, M, Deary, V. Cognitive behavioral therapy for functional dysphonia. Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology. 2007;116:717-722.


Diagnosis. National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association website. Available at: http://www.dysphonia.org/diagnosis.php. Accessed February 17, 2014.


Rosow DE, Parikh P, et al. Considerations for initial dosing of botulinum toxin in treatment of adductor spasmodic dysphonia. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013; 148(6):1003-6.


Spasmodic dysphonia. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/SpasmodicDysphonia.htm. Accessed February 17, 2014.


Spasmodic dysphonia. National Institute on Deafness and Other Communicative Disorders website. Available at: http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/voice/Pages/spasdysp.aspx. Updated October 2010. Accessed February 17, 2014.

 

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