Munson Health

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by Puzanov I

Risk Factors

Risk factors include:

RESOURCES—American Academy of Family Physicians

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases



The College of Family Physicians of Canada

Health Canada



Adrogué HJ, Madias NE. Hypernatremia. N Engl J Med. 2000 May 18; 342(20):1493-1499.

Chassagne P, Druesne L, et al. Clinical presentation of hypernatremia in elderly patients: a case control study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Aug; 54(8):1225-1230.

Dehydration and hypovolemia in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated December 18, 2013. Accessed February 26, 2014.

Hypernatremia. The Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals website. Available at: Updated March 2013. Accessed February 26, 2014.

Stuart W, Smellie A, et al. Hyponatraemia and hypernatraemia: pitfalls in testing. BMJ. 2007 March 3; 334(7591): 473-476.


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