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Postmenopausal Bleeding

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by Kerr SJ

(Bleeding, Postmenopausal; PMB)

 

Definition

Postmenopausal bleeding (PMB) is bleeding from the vagina that happens after a woman has stopped having regular menstrual periods due to menopause. Any vaginal bleeding that occurs 12 months after a woman’s last menstrual period is considered PMB.
Female Reproductive Organs
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Causes

PMB may be caused by several factors. These may include:
 

RESOURCES

American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
http://www.acog.org

Office on Women's Health—US Department of Health and Human Services
http://www.womenshealth.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada
http://www.sogc.org

 

References


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Committee Opinion on role of transvaginal ultrasonography in evaluation of postmenopausal bleeding. Obstet Gynecol. 2009;113(2):462.


Gale A, Dey P. Postmenopausal bleeding. Menopause Int. 2009;15(4):160-164.


Perimenopausal bleeding and bleeding after menopause. American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq162.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20121221T1430328285. Updated May 2011. Accessed March 18, 2014.


Postmenopausal bleeding. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 17, 2012. Accessed March 18, 2014.


Sonohysterography. American College of Radiology Radiology Info website. Available at: http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=hysterosono. Updated July 16, 2013. Accessed March 18, 2014.

 

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