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Postmenopausal Bleeding

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by Kerr SJ

(Bleeding, Postmenopausal; PMB)



Postmenopausal bleeding (PMB) is bleeding from the vagina that happens after a woman has stopped having regular menstrual periods due to menopause. Any vaginal bleeding that occurs 12 months after a woman’s last menstrual period is considered PMB.
Female Reproductive Organs
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PMB may be caused by several factors. These may include:


American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

Office on Women's Health—US Department of Health and Human Services



Health Canada

The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada



American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Committee Opinion on role of transvaginal ultrasonography in evaluation of postmenopausal bleeding. Obstet Gynecol. 2009;113(2):462.

Gale A, Dey P. Postmenopausal bleeding. Menopause Int. 2009;15(4):160-164.

Perimenopausal bleeding and bleeding after menopause. American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: Updated May 2011. Accessed March 18, 2014.

Postmenopausal bleeding. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated May 17, 2012. Accessed March 18, 2014.

Sonohysterography. American College of Radiology Radiology Info website. Available at: Updated July 16, 2013. Accessed March 18, 2014.


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