Munson Health
Oropharyngeal Dysphagia

Back to Document

by Stahl RJ

(Dysphagia, Oropharyngeal; Difficulty Swallowing [Mouth or Pharynx])



Oropharyngeal dysphagia may be caused by:


American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

Dysphagia Research Society



Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada

Ontario Association of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologist



Communication facts: special populations: dysphagia—2008 edition. American-Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: . Published 2008. Accessed August 13, 2013.

Dysphagia. Cedars-Sinai website. Available at: . Accessed August 13, 2013.

Dysphagia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: . Updated August 2, 2013. Accessed August 13, 2013.

Dysphagia. World Gastroenterology Organisation website. Available at: . Published 2007. Accessed August 13, 2013.

Huckabee M. Application of EMG biofeedback in the treatment of oral pharyngeal dysphagia. Biofeedback Foundation of Europe website. Available at: . Published 1997. Accessed August 13, 2013.

Restive D, Marchese-Ragona R, Lauria G, Squatrito S, Gullo D, Vigneri R. Botulinum toxin treatment for oropharyngeal dysphagia associated with diabetic neuropathy. Diabetes Care. 2006 Dec;29(12):2650-3. Available at: . Accessed August 13, 2013.


Revision Information