Munson Health

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by Stahl RJ



What to Expect

Prior to Procedure

Before the ductogram, your doctor may:
  • Do a physical exam
  • Order tests, such as a mammogram and blood tests
  • Ask you about your medical history
  • Ask you about the medications that you take, including any over-the-counter products, herbs, and supplements
In the days leading up to the procedure, your doctor will ask you to avoid squeezing any discharge from the nipple. It’s important that there is discharge during the ductogram.
On the day of the ductogram:
  • Be sure to tell the staff if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast dye.
  • Eat and drink as usual. If you normally take medication, you can do this as well.
  • Do not apply deodorant, talcum powder, lotion, or perfume near your breasts or under your arms.
  • Wear comfortable clothing so you can easily remove your shirt.

Description of the Procedure

There are different techniques to do this procedure. In general, you will be asked to lie on your back. The nipple area will be cleaned. Then the breast will be squeezed to release discharge. This will help your doctor determine which duct the discharge is coming from. A small, flexible tube will be inserted into the milk duct. The contrast dye will be injected through this tube. X-ray images will be taken of the breast after the contrast material is injected. Lastly, the cannula will be removed and a small bandage or pad will be placed over the nipple.

How Long Will It Take?

30-60 minutes

Will It Hurt?

You may feel some discomfort during the procedure.

Post-procedure Care

You will be able to go home after the ductogram. You can resume your normal activities. Leave the bandage or pad on since the contrast dye may leak out of the duct.
Talk to your doctor about the results. Your doctor may ask for other tests or procedures if there are any abnormal areas.


Radiological Society of North America

US Department of Health and Human Services Women’s Health



Health Canada

Women's Health Matters



Breast cancer overview. American Cancer Society website. Available at: Accessed June 11, 2013.

Breast ductography. Radiopaedia website. Available at: Accessed June 11, 2013.

Ductogram (galactogram). Exempla Breast Care Center website. Available at: Accessed June 11, 2013.

Ductogram/galactogram: imaging the breast ducts. Liberty Hospital website. Available at: Accessed June 11, 2013.

Ductography: how to and what if? RadioGraphics. 2001;133-150.

Galoctography (ductography). Radiological Society of North America Radiology Info website. Available at: Updated March 7, 2013. Accessed June 11, 2013.


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