Munson Health
 
Bipolar Disorder

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by McCoy K

(Manic-Depressive Illness; Manic Depression; Manic Disorder; Manic Affective Disorder)

 

Definition

Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition marked by extreme swings in mood, energy, and the ability to function. The mood changes of bipolar disorder are more dramatic than normal ups and downs. They can hurt relationships and cause poor job or school performance.
There are four forms of this condition:
  • Bipolar I disorder—Recurrent episodes of mania often immediately followed by depression; episodes can be severe
  • Bipolar II disorder—Episodes of less severe mania (called hypomania) that alternate with episodes of major depression
  • Bipolar disorder not otherwise specified (BP-NOS)—The person has symptoms of bipolar disorder, but the symptoms do meet the specific criteria for bipolar I or bipolar II disorder
  • Cyclothymia—Episodes of hypomania that alternate with episodes of mild depression that last for at least two years
 

RESOURCES

Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance
http://www.dbsalliance.org

National Institute of Mental Health
http://www.nimh.nih.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Psychiatric Association
http://www.cpa-apc.org

Mood Disorders Society of Canada
http://www.mooddisorderscanada.ca

 

References


Bipolar disorder. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 20, 2014. Accessed September 3, 2014.


Bipolar disorder fact sheet. National Alliance on Mental Illness website. Available at: http://www.nami.org/factsheets/bipolardisorder%5Ffactsheet.pdf. Updated April 2013. Accessed September 3, 2014.


Bipolar disorder in adults. National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/bipolar-disorder/complete-index.shtml. Updated 2012. Accessed September 3, 2014.


4/29/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Nivoli AM, Colom F, Murru A, et al. New treatment guidelines for acute bipolar depression: a systematic review. J Affect Disord. 2011;129(1-3):14-26.

 

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