Munson Health
 
Esophageal Stricture

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by Bucciarelli A
 

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your chance of esophageal stricture include:
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Prolonged use of a nasogastric tube—a tube that is inserted through the nose to the stomach
  • Eosinophilic esophagitis
  • Systemic sclerosis
  • Barrett esophagus
  • Certain medications, such as those used to treat osteoporosis, or some antibiotics
 

Treatment

Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options include:

Esophageal Dilation

Esophageal dilation is a procedure your doctor performs to stretch or widen your esophagus. An endoscope will be passed through your mouth and into the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. A small balloon or tapered plastic dilators will be used to stretch your esophagus. For your comfort, this procedure may be performed while you are sedated. A local anesthetic spray may be applied to the back of your throat. Repeat dilations are often required to adequately stretch the esophagus.

Proton Pump Inhibitors

When esophageal stricture is caused by GERD, proton pump inhibitors or acid-blocking medications are used to prevent the stricture from returning.
If you are diagnosed with esophageal stricture, follow your doctor's instructions .
If you are diagnosed with esophageal stricture, follow your doctor's instructions .

Surgery

Surgery may be necessary if the stricture is too tight or wide.
 

RESOURCES

American Academy of Family Physicians
FamilyDoctor.org
http://familydoctor.org

American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
http://www.asge.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
http://www.cag-acg.org

Canadian Medical Association Journal
http://www.cmaj.ca

 

References


Caustic esophageal stricture. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated July 2, 2010. Accessed July 15, 2013.


Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 25, 2013. Accessed June 16, 2014.


Oesophageal strictures, webs, and rings. Patient.co.uk website. Available at: http://www.patient.co.uk/doctor/Oesophageal-Strictures-Webs-and-Rings.htm. Updated March 18, 2011. Accessed July 15, 2013.


Understanding esophageal dilation. American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy website. Available at: http://www.asge.org/patients/patients.aspx?id=392. Accessed July 15, 2013.

Tracheoesophageal malformations. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 3, 2012. Accessed June 16, 2014.

Systemic sclerosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 4, 2014. Accessed June 16, 2014.

Barrett esophagus. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 6, 2014. Accessed June 16, 2014.

 

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