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HELLP Syndrome

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by Shannon DW
 

Definition

HELLP syndrome is a rare but serious condition. It is a form of severe preeclampsia that occurs during pregnancy or just after delivery. HELLP stands for:
  • H emolysis
  • E levated
  • L iver enzymes
  • L ow
  • P latelet count
HELLP involves three types of problems:
  • Hemolysis is the destruction of red blood cells. This can lead to anemia .
  • High levels of liver enzymes. Liver enzymes are chemicals in the blood that show how well the liver is working. High levels of enzymes mean the liver has been damaged.
  • Low platelet count. Platelets are components that help stop bleeding. A low level of platelets can lead to problems with bleeding.
Red Blood Cells
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The Liver
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RESOURCES

The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
http://www.acog.org

American Pregnancy Association
http://www.americanpregnancy.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

SickKids
http://www.sickkids.ca

The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada
http://www.sogc.org

 

References


Diagnosis and Management of Preeclampsia and Eclampsia, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Practice Bulletin No 33, January 2002. Reaffirmed 2012.


HELLP syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated May 4, 2011. Accessed June 10, 2013.


Padden MO. HELLP syndrome: Recognition and perinatal managment. Am Fam Physician . 1999;60(3):829-839.

 

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