Munson Health
Eye Contusion

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by Marlow A

(Black Eye; Blunt Eye Injury; Ecchymosis)



Eye Smart—American Academy of Opthalmology

National Domestic Violence Hotline
1-800-799-SAFE (7233) or 1-800-787-3224 (TTY)



Canadian Ophthalmological Society

Public Health Agency of Canada



American Academy of Ophthalmology. Preventing Eye Injuries: A Closer Look. 2004.

Beers MH, Berkow R, et al, eds. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories; 1999.

Contusion. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated January 31, 2014. Accessed August 27, 2014.

Eye injuries. Nemours Kids Health website. Available at Updated January 2011. Accessed August 27, 2014.

Johns Hopkins University. The Johns Hopkins Family Health Book. New York: Harper Collins Publishing; 1999.

What is a black eye? American Academy of Ophthalmology Eye Smart website. Available at: Accessed August 27, 2014.


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