Munson Health
 
Medications for Chlamydia

Back to Document

by Polsdorfer R
 

Prescription Medications

Chlamydia is treated with antibiotics. It is important to take all antibiotics for the full term, even if you are feeling better. Not doing so risks reinfection.
First-line antibiotics include:
  • Amoxicillin
  • Erythromycin
  • Levofloxacin
  • Ofloxacin
Azithromycin
This antibiotic is effective with a single dose. If you have liver or kidney disease, this medication should be use with caution.
Side effects may include:
Doxycycline
This antibiotic is usually given for 7 days. It is just as effective as a single dose of azithromycin. It should not be used in children less than 8 years old or during pregnancy.
Side effects may include:
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sensitivity to sunlight
  • Diarrhea
  • Decreased appetite
Other antibiotics
  • Amoxicillin
  • Erythromycin
  • Levofloxacin
  • Ofloxacin
These antibiotics are usually given for 7 days.
Side effects may include:
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Rash
  • Cramping, loss of appetite (erythromycin)
  • Headache, lightheadedness, insomnia (levofloxacin, ofloxacin)
 

References


Chlamydia—CDC fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/STDFact-chlamydia-detailed.htm. Updated January 7, 2014. Accessed July 31, 2014.


Chlamydia genital infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 30, 2014. Accessed July 31, 2014.


Mishori R, McClaskey, EL, et al. Chlamydia trachomatis infections: Screening, diagnosis, and management. Am Fam Physician. 2012;86(12):1127-1132.


Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR. 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.

 

Revision Information