Munson Health
 
Turf Toe

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by LaRusso L

(Metatarsalphalangeal Joint Sprain; Sprain Big Toe)

 

RESOURCES

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org

American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
http://www.aapmr.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

British Columbia Podiatric Medical Association
http://www.foothealth.ca

Achilles Foot Health Centre
http://www.footdoc.ca

 

References


Chou LB. Disorders of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. Phys Sportsmed . 2000;28:32-45.


Churchill SR, Donley BG. Managing injuries of the great toe. Phys Sportsmed ; 1998.


Foot sprain. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed . Updated November 3, 2012. Accessed May 1, 2013.


Mullen JE, O'Malley MJ. Sprains—residual instability of subtalar, Lisfranc joints, and turf toe. Clinics in Sports Medicine . 2004;23(1):97-121.


Pommering TL. Ankle and foot injuries in pediatric and adult athletes. Prim Care . 2005;32(1):133-161.


Renstrom P. Sports Injuries: Basic Principles of Prevention and Care . Boston, MA: Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1993.

 

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