Munson Health
 
Tooth Abscess

Back to Document

by Alan R

(Dental Abscess; Abscessed Tooth)

 

Treatment

Removal of Abscess Via Root Canal

  • If an abscess results from tooth decay or a break or crack in the tooth:
    • The tooth and surrounding tissue is numbed and a hole is drilled through the top of the tooth.
    • Pus and dead tissue are removed from the center of the tooth.
    • The interior of the tooth and the root canals are cleaned and filled with a permanent filling.
    • A crown is placed on the tooth to protect it.
  • If an abscess results from infection between the tooth and gum:
    • The abscess is drained and thoroughly cleaned.
    • The root surface of tooth is cleaned and smoothed.
    • In some cases, surgery to reshape the gum is done to prevent a repeat infection.

Tooth Extraction (Removal)

  • Removal of the tooth may be required if:
    • Tooth decay and/or tooth infection is too extensive for filling or root canal treatment.
    • The break or crack in the tooth is too severe to be repaired.
    • The infection or loss of tissue/bone between the tooth and gum is severe.
  • If the tooth is extracted, it will be replaced with a:
    • Partial bridge
    • Denture
    • Tooth implant

Medication

  • Antibiotics to fight residual infection of the tooth or gums
  • Nonprescription pain relief drugs such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen
 

RESOURCES

Academy of General Dentistry
http://www.agd.org

American Dental Association
http://www.ada.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Dental Association
http://www.cda-adc.ca

The Canadian Dental Hygienists Association
http://www.cdha.ca

 

References


Abscess (toothache). American Dental Association Mouth Healthy website. Available at: http://www.mouthhealthy.org/az-topics/a/abscess.aspx . Accessed March 18, 2013.


Beers MH, Fletcher AJ. The Merck Manual of Medical Information—Home Edition . New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, Inc.; 2000.


Dental abscess. NHSinform website. Available at: http://www.nhsinform.com/health-library/articles/d/dental-abscess/introduction . Accessed March 18, 2013.


Root canals. American Dental Association Mouth Healthy website. Available at: http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/r/root-canals.aspx . Accessed March 18, 2013.

 

Revision Information