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Tongue Cancer

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by Badash M

(Cancer, Tongue)

 

Treatment

When tongue cancer is found, staging tests are done to find out if the cancer has spread. Treatment depends on the stage of the cancer and the size and location of the tumor.

Surgery

This is surgical removal of the cancerous tumor and nearby tissue, and possibly nearby lymph nodes. This is often the preferred treatment when the tumor is on the visible side of the tongue, when it is less than 2 cm, and when it is on one side and does not involve the base of the tongue.

Radiation Therapy (or Radiotherapy)

This is the use of radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. This method is used when the cancer is at the back of the tongue.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is sometimes used with radiation to destroy the cancerous growth, especially if surgery is not planned.

Rehabilitation and Follow-Up

After treatment, your doctor may recommend:
  • Therapy to improve tongue movement, chewing, and swallowing
  • Speech therapy, if use of the tongue is affected
  • Close monitoring of your mouth, throat, esophagus, and lungs to see if the cancer has come back or spread
 

RESOURCES

American Cancer Society
http://www.cancer.org

National Cancer Institute
http://www.cancer.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

BC Cancer Agency
http://www.bccancer.bc.ca

Canadian Cancer Society
http://www.cancer.ca

 

References


Oral cancer. CancerNet, National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/oral . Accessed April 30, 2013.


Tongue cancer. Cancer Research UK website. Available at: http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-help/about-cancer/cancer-questions/tongue-cancer . Accessed April 30, 2013.


Tongue cancer. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/tongue.html . Accessed April 30, 2013.

 

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