Munson Health
 
Strep Throat

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by Randall B

(Bacterial Sore Throat)

 

Symptoms

Strep throat may cause:
  • Red, sore throat with white patches
  • Headache
  • Swollen, sore glands in the neck
  • Fever
  • Red spots on the roof of the mouth
  • Painful, difficult swallowing
  • Chills
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea and possibly vomiting
  • Decreased appetite
  • Rash
  • Muscle aches, especially in the neck, and abdominal pains, especially in younger children
  • Swelling in back of mouth
Complications of untreated strep throat can be serious and include:
Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis is also rare, but it can occur, even with treatment
 

RESOURCES

American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
http://www.entnet.org

FamilyDoctor.org—American Academy of Family Physicians
http://familydoctor.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

About Kids Health
http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

 

References


Cecil RL, Goldman L, Bennett JC. Cecil Textbook of Medicine. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Company; 2000.


Ebell MH, Smith MA, Barry HC, Ives K, Carey M. Does the patient have strep throat? JAMA. 2000; 284:2912-2918.


Montagnani F, Stolzuoli L, Croci L, et al.Erythromycin resistance in Streptococcus pyogenes and macrolide consumption in a central Italian region. Infection. 2009 Aug;37(4):353-357.


Neuner JM, Hamel MB, Phillips RS, Bona K, Aronson MD. Diagnosis and management of adults with pharyngitis. A cost effectiveness study. Ann Intern Med. 2003;139:113-122.


Pace B. JAMA patient page. Strep throat. JAMA. 2000;284(22):2964.


Ressel G. Practice guidelines: principles of appropriate antibiotic use: part IV: acute pharyngitis. Am Fam Physician. 2001;64(5):870-875.


Sore throats. American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at: http://www.entnet.org/HealthInformation/soreThroats.cfm. Accessed October 12, 2005.


Strep throat. Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/strep-throat/DS00260. Accessed November 10, 2007.


Streptococcal pharyngitis. DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com. Accessed November 10, 2007.

 

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