Munson Health
Rheumatic Fever

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Rheumatic fever is caused by group A Streptococcus pharyngitis, also known as strep throat. In this case, the body uses antibodies to fight the infection, but the antibodies also attack the heart.


American Heart Association

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute



Health Canada

Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada



Acute rheumatic fever. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated September 27, 2012. Accessed February 14, 2013.

Nausieda PA, Grossman BJ, et al.: Sydenham chorea: an update. Neurology. 1980;30:331-334.

Rheumatic fever. Texas Heart Institute website. Available at: Updated October 2012. Accessed February 14, 2013.

Robertson KA, Volmink JA, et al. Antibiotics for the primary prevention of acute rheumatic fever. BMC Cardiovasc Disorders. 2005; 5:11.

Spagnuolo M, Pasternack B, et al. Risk of rheumatic fever recurrences after streptococcal infections: prospective study of clinical and social factors. N Engl J Med. 1971;285:641-647.


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