Munson Health
 
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

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by Wood D

(PCOS; Stein Leventhal Syndrome; Polyfollicular Ovarian Appearance; Hyperandrogenic Anovulation; Polycystic Ovarian Disease; PCO; PCOD)

 

Symptoms

Some women may not have symptoms. In others, they may appear between the ages of 15-30 years. In women who have symptoms, PCOS may cause:
  • Infertility
  • Amenorrhea —irregular menstrual periods or no menstrual period
  • Obesity
  • Dark patches of skin on neck, groin, and arm pit
  • Hair loss
Women with PCOS are also at increased risk for:
 

RESOURCES

The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
http://www.acog.org

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Association
http://www.pcosupport.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada
http://www.sogc.org

Women's Health Matters
http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca

 

References


ACOG Committee on Practice Bulletins--Gynecology. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 108: Polycystic ovary syndrome. Obstet Gynecol . 2009;114(4):936-949.


Baillargeon JP. Use of insulin sensitizers in polycystic ovarian syndrome. Curr Opin Invetig Drugs . 2005:6:1012-1022.


Polycystic ovary syndrome. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/polycystic-ovary-syndrome.html . Updated August 2010. Accessed July 26, 2013.


Polycystic ovary syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 17, 2013. Accessed July 26, 2013.


Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The Endocrine Society Hormone Health Network website. Available at: http://www.hormone.org/diseases-and-conditions/womens-health/polycystic-ovary-syndrome . Reviewed May 2013. Accessed July 26, 2013.


Stadmauer L, Oehninger S. Management of infertility in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a practical guide. Treat Endocrinology . 2005;4:279-292.


Stout DL, Fugate SE. Thiazolidinediones for treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome. Pharmacotherapy . 2005;25:244-252.


Vibikova J, Cibula D. Combined oral contraceptives in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome. Hum Reprod Update . 2005;11: 277-291.

 

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