Munson Health
 
Iron-Deficiency Anemia

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by Kassir K

(Reduced Iron in Blood)

 

Symptoms

While most people with mild anemia have no symptoms, when present, symptoms may include:
 

Treatment

Treatments may include:

Iron Supplements

Iron can be taken as a supplement or as part of a multivitamin. Iron comes in many "salt" forms. Ferrous salts are better absorbed than ferric salts. Ferrous sulfate is the cheapest and most commonly used iron salt. Slow-release or coated products may cause less stomach problems. However, they may not be absorbed as well. Some products contain vitamin C to improve absorption. Talk to your doctor, though, because your iron level could get too high.

Iron-Fortified Cereal

Your doctor may recommend that you feed your baby iron-fortified cereal.
 

Prevention

To help reduce you or your child's chances of getting this condition, take the following steps:
  • Eat a diet rich in iron (eg, oysters, meat, poultry, fish)
  • Avoid foods that interfere with iron absorption, like black tea
  • Ask your doctor if your infant is getting enough iron—The general guidelines are:
    • Starting at four months, breastfed infants need an iron supplement until they get enough iron from other sources, like infant cereal or iron-fortified formula.
    • Bottle-fed infants should get a formula that is fortified with iron.
    • Many premature infants need extra iron starting at one month of age.
 

RESOURCES

American Academy of Pediatrics
http://www.aap.org/

American College Obstetrics and Gynecology
http://www.acog.org/

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Dietitians of Canada
http://www.dietitians.ca/

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/

 

References


American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Nutrition. Iron fortification of infant formulas. Pediatrics . 1999;104:119-123. Pediatrics website. Available at: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/full/104/1/119 . Accessed July 15, 2007.


Beers MH, Berkow R. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy . 17th ed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons; 1999.


Beers MH, Berkow R. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy . 18th ed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons; 2006.


Iron. EBSCO Natural and Alternative Treatments website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary/ . Updated December 2007. Accessed July 15, 2008.


Schroeder K. Good food sources of iron. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary/ . Updated December 2006. Accessed July 15, 2008.


US Preventive Services Task Force. The Guide to Clinical Preventive Services: Report of the United States Preventive Services Task Force . 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.


US Preventive Services Task Force. The Guide to Clinical Preventive Services: Report of the United States Preventive Services Task Force . AHRQ Publication No. 06-0588; Rockville, MD: 2006.


10/12/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Baker R, Greer F, the Committee on Nutrition. Clinical report—diagnosis and prevention of iron deficiency and iron-deficiency anemia in infants and young children (0-3 years of age). American Academy of Pediatrics website. Available at: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/peds.2010-2576v1 . Published October 5, 2010. Accessed October 12, 2010.

 

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