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Genital Warts

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by Badash M

(Anogenital Warts; Condyloma Acuminata; Human Papillomavirus [HPV]; Penile Warts; Venereal Warts; Warts, Genital)

 

Causes

Genital warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). There are many different types of HPV. Only a few types are thought to cause genital warts. Many types of HPV are associated with harmless skin warts found on the fingers or feet.
Certain types of HPV may cause cervical cancer . Less commonly, certain strains of HPV can cause cancers of the vulva, anus, or penis.
HPV is easily spread during oral, genital, or anal sex with an infected partner. Most people who have sex with an infected partner will also develop genital warts.
Warts can also be spread to an infant during delivery if the mother has genital warts.
 

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your risk for HPV and genital warts include:
 

RESOURCES

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov

Planned Parenthood
http://www.plannedparenthood.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

Sex Information and Education Council of Canada
http://www.sieccan.org

 

References


Genital Warts. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment/2010/genital-warts.htm . Updated February 8, 2012. Accessed May 23, 2013.


Cervical cancer screening. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq085.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20130205T1433163887 . Published February 2013. Accessed May 23, 2013.


Batista CS, Atallah AN, et al. 5-FU for genital warts in non-immunocompromised individuals. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2010 Apr 14;4:CD006562.


Condyloma acuminatum. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated March 8, 2013. Accessed May 23, 2013.


Dunne EF, Markowitz LE. Genital human papillomavirus infection. Clin Infect Dis . 2006; 43:624.


Human papillomavirus (HPV). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hpv . Updated February 1, 2013. Accessed May 23, 2013.


Human papillomavirus and genital warts. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease website. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/genitalwarts/Pages/default.aspx . Updated October 21, 2010. Accessed May 23, 2013.


Lowy DR, Schiller JT. Papillomaviruses and cervical cancer: pathogenesis and vaccine development. J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr . 1998;23:27-30.


Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR . 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.


1/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : The FUTURE II Study Group. Quadrivalent vaccine against human papillomavirus to prevent high-grade cervical lesions. N Engl J Med. 2007;356:1915-1927.


1/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Winer RL, Feng Q, Hughes JP, O'Reilly S, Kiviat NB, Koutsky LA. Risk of female human papillomavirus acquisition associated with first male sex partner. J Infect Dis . 2008;197:279-282.


1/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : FDA approves new indication for Gardasil to prevent genital warts in men and boys. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm187003.htm . Published October 16, 2009. Accessed October 22, 2009.


1/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Screening for cervical cancer. United States Preventive Services Task Force website. Available at: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspscerv.htm . Published March 2012. Accessed March 19, 2012.


Saslow D, Soloman D, et al. American Cancer Society, American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, and American Society for Clinical Pathology screening guidelines for the prevention and early detection of cervical cancer. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians . 2012 Mar 14 early online.

 

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