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Hepatitis B

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by Kassel K

(Hep B)

 

Symptoms

It is possible that someone infected with HBV may never have symptoms of hepatitis B.
If symptoms do develop, they appear around 60-150 days after exposure. Hepatitis B may cause:
Chronic hepatitis can lead to serious health problems including:
 

Prevention

There is a vaccine for hepatitis B that is available for adults. This vaccine is usually given as a series of three injections. In addition, the vaccine is routinely given to newborns. Children and teens who were not vaccinated as babies can still receive the shots.
Other prevention strategies include:
  • Use condoms regularly or abstain from sex.
  • Limit your number of sexual partners.
  • Do not inject drugs. If you use IV drugs, get treatment to help you stop . Never share needles or syringes.
  • Do not share personal items that may have blood or body fluids on them.
  • Make sure a tattoo artist or piercer properly sterilizes the equipment.
  • Wear gloves when touching or cleaning up body fluids on personal items.
  • Cover open cuts or wounds.
  • If you are pregnant, have a blood test for hepatitis B. Infants born to mothers with hepatitis B should be treated within 12 hours after birth.
 

RESOURCES

American Liver Foundation
http://www.liverfoundation.org

Hepatitis B Foundation
http://www.hepb.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Liver Foundation
http://www.liver.ca

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

 

References


Baker CJ, Pickerling LK, Chilton L, et al. Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Recommended adult immunization schedule: United States, 2011. Ann Intern Med. 2011;154(3):168-173.


Hepatitis B. American Liver Foundation website. Available at: http://www.liverfoundation.org/abouttheliver/info/hepatitisb. Updated February 17, 2012. Accessed February 13, 2014.


Hepatitis B information for health professionals. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/HBV . Updated May 16, 2012. Accessed February 13, 2014.


Hepatitis B. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 4, 2014. Accessed February 13, 2014.


Vaccine information statement: hepatitis B vaccine. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/hep-b.pdf. Updated June 18, 2013. Accessed February 13, 2014.


Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR. 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.

 

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