Munson Health
 
Gonorrhea

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by Badash M
 

Symptoms

Most people who have gonorrhea do not have symptoms. If symptoms do occur, they may appear 1-14 days of exposure. In some cases, symptoms do not occur for up to a month.
Symptoms in men may include:
  • Discharge from the penis
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Itching sensation in urethra
Symptoms in women may include:
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Abdominal pain
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding
Symptoms in men and women with rectal infections may include:
  • Anal itching
  • Soreness
  • Bleeding
  • Painful bowel movements
Gonorrhea can also cause serious health complications.
Complications in men include:
  • Epididymitis —A painful swelling and inflammation of the testicles, which may lead to infertility.
  • Urethritis —The inside of the urethra may become inflamed, which causes burning when passing urine. If scarring occurs, it may cause difficulty with passing urine, or block urine flow completely.
  • Prostatitis —An inflammation of the prostate gland. Symptoms include pain in and around the groin and pelvis, or discomfort when urinating. It may also create flu-like symptoms, such as fever, chills, body aches, or fatigue.
Complications in women include:
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)—A serious infection that can lead to infertility , even in women who never have symptoms. If symptoms do occur, they may include pelvic pain and pain with intercourse. PID causes scar tissue, or may cause an abscess to form, in the fallopian tubes.
  • Infection in a newborn infant if you are infected during pregnancy.
Female Reproductive System Organs
Female Reproductive Organs
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
Untreated gonorrhea can cause severe infections in:
  • Joints
  • Brain
  • Eyes
  • Heart
 

RESOURCES

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
http://www.niaid.nih.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

Sex Information and Education Council of Canada
http://www.sieccan.org

 

References


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/arg/default.htm . Updated May 8, 2013. Accessed May 16, 2013.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Gonorrhea. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/ . Updated May 8, 2013. Accessed May 16, 2013.


Gonococcal cervicitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated January 20, 2013. Accessed May 16, 2013.


Gonococcal urethritis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated April 16, 2013. Accessed May 16, 2013.


National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Gonorrhea. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/gonorrhea/pages/default.aspx . Updated December 13, 2012. Accessed May 16, 2013.


Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR . 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.

 

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