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Female Sexual Dysfunction

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by Rudis J
 

Causes

The following factors tend to be related:

Physical

Conditions that may cause problems with sexual function include diabetes, heart disease, cancer, neurological disorders (depression, anxiety, history of sexual abuse), arthritis, fatigue, headaches, urinary or bowel difficulties, alcoholism, and drug abuse. The side effects of certain medications, including antidepressant drugs, blood pressure medications, and chemotherapy drugs, can affect sex drive and functioning.

Hormonal

During menopause in particular, estrogen levels decrease, which can cause changes to occur in your genital tissues and your sexual responsiveness. Intercourse may become painful (dyspareunia), and/or it may take longer for you to achieve an orgasm.

Psychological

Untreated emotional and psychological issues need to be addressed for treatment to be effective. Factors that affect sexual functioning may include anxiety, depression, stress, sexual abuse in the past, self-perception during and after pregnancy, and conflict with you partner.
Female Body
female body anatomy
Factors from different body systems may play a part in female sexual dysfunction.
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
Female Body
female body anatomy
Factors from different body systems may play a part in female sexual dysfunction.
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
 

RESOURCES

American Academy of Family Physicians
http://www.familydoctor.org

American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
http://www.acog.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

The Canadian Women's Health Network
http://www.cwhn.ca

The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada
http://www.sogc.org

 

References


American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Female sexual dysfunction. Practice Bulletin. 2011;119.


Berman JR, Adhikari SP, Goldstein I. Anatomy and physiology of female sexual function and dysfunction. European Urology. 2000;38:20-29.


Berman JR, Berman L, Goldstein I. Female sexual dysfunction: incidence, pathophysiology, evaluation, and treatment options. Urology. 1999;54(3):385-391.


Dennerstein L. How changing methods affect our understanding of female sexual function and dysfunction J Sex Med. 2010;7(7):299-300.


Female sexual dysfunction. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 12, 2013. Accessed January 7, 2013.


Phillips NA. Female sexual dysfunction: evaluation and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2000;62(1).


9/16/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Huang A, Yaffe K, Vittinghoff E, et al. The effect of ultralow-dose transdermal estradiol on sexual function in postmenopausal women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008;198:265.e1-7.


2/17/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Shifren JL, Monz BU, Russo PA, Segreti A, Johannes CB. Sexual problems and distress in United States women: prevalence and correlates. Obstet Gynecol. 2008;112:970-978.

 

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