Munson Health
 
Encopresis

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by Carson-DeWitt R

(Stool Soiling; Fecal Incontinence; Soiling, Stool)

 

Causes

Encopresis may be caused by a variety of conditions such as:
  • Chronic constipation
    • Most common cause
    • When a large amount of hard, dry stool is filling the rectum, over time the child becomes unable to recognize the sensation of fullness and the need to go to the bathroom.
    • Liquid stool may leak around the hard mass of stool, causing staining of the underwear.
    • May be associated with a diet low in fiber and fluids, and lack of exercise
  • Poor toilet training or refusal to use the toilet for bowel movements
  • Emotional problems
  • Organic causes (rare)—result of problems or malformations in the intestines
 

Risk Factors

Risk factors include:
Bowel and Rectum
Anal fissure and fistula
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
 

RESOURCES

FamilyDoctor.org – American Academy of Family Physicians
http://familydoctor.org

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse
http://www.niddk.nih.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Digestive Health Foundation
http://www.cdhf.ca

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

 

References


Encopresis. Nemours kids health website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/general/sick/encopresis.html. Updated January 2012. Accessed August 9, 2012.


Fecal soiling. American Academy of Pediatrics Health Children website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/general/sick/encopresis.html. Updated May 2011. Accessed August 9, 2012.


Fecal incontinence in children (encopresis). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. May 11, 2012. Accessed August 9, 2012.


Stool soiling and constipation in children. American Family Physician Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/kids/toileting/stool-soiling-and-constipation-in-children.html. Updated November 2011. Accessed August 9, 2012.

 

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