Munson Health
 
Corneal Abrasion

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by Wood D

(Scratched Cornea)

 

Prevention

Prevention aims to avoid injury to the cornea. To avoid injuring the cornea:
  • Do not rub your eyes.
  • Wear safety glasses or protective goggles when participating in sports, yard work, construction, or other activities that could injure your eyes.
    • It is best to wear goggles that fully surround your eyes and touch your skin.
    • This protective wear is especially important during work with high-velocity objects, such as hammering a nail or grinding metal.
  • Wash your hands before handling your contact lenses. Clean and wear contact lenses as directed. Never sleep in your contact lenses unless approved by your eye doctor.
If something gets in your eye:
  • Try to flush it out with water. Splash the water so it drains toward the side of your head, not toward your nose and other eye.
  • Do not rub your eye.
  • Call your doctor.
If an object strikes your eye at a fast pace, it can be a medical emergency. Seek medical attention immediately.
If a chemical splashes into your eyes, flush your eyes immediately and call 911.
If you do have eye pain or a foreign object, consider seeing an eye specialist immediately rather than going to the emergency room. However, if you have a severe injury or chemical splash, call 911 or go immediately to the nearest emergency room.
 

RESOURCES

American Academy of Ophthalmology
http://www.aao.org/

American Optometric Association
http://www.aoanet.org/

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Association of Optometrists
http://www.opto.ca/

Canadian Health Network
http://www.canadian-health-network.ca/

 

References


Behrman RE, Kliegman R, Jenson HB. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 16th ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Company; 2000.


Corneal abrasion. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated August 22, 2012. Accessed December 28, 2012.


Corneal abrasion. American Academy of Family Physician Familydoctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/prevention-wellness/staying-healthy/first-aid/corneal-abrasions.html . Updated December 2010. Accessed December 28, 2012.


Rosen R, Barkin R, Danzl DF. Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 4th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby-Year Book, Inc; 1998.


DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Turner A, Rabiu M. Patching for corneal abrasion. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews . 2006;(2). No: CD004764. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004764.pub2.

 

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