Munson Health
 
Cold Sores

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by Alan R

(Fever Blisters; Herpes Labialis; Herpes Stomatitis; Herpes Simplex)

 

Causes

Cold sores are caused by two types of herpes simplex viruses. Cold sores are very common. In most cases, people contract the virus as young children.
You may get the virus from:
The first episode of illness with herpes virus can cause a body-wide illness. After that, the virus lies quietly in the skin until it is reactivated. The reactivated virus causes a cold sore to appear.
 

RESOURCES

American Academy of Dermatology
http://www.aad.org

American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor
http://familydoctor.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Skin Care Guide Canadian Edition
http://www.skincareguide.ca

The College of Family Physicians of Canada
http://www.cfpc.ca

 

References


Herpes labialis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated May 27, 2011. Accessed March 20, 2013.


Arduino PG, Porter SR. Oral and perioral herpes simplex virus type 1(HSV-1) infection: review of its management. Oral Diseases . 2006;12:254-270.


Emmert DH. Treatment of common cutaneous herpes simplex virus infections. Am Fam Physician . 2000;61:1697.


Groves MJ. Transmission of herpes simplex virus via oral sex. Am Fam Physician . 2006;1;73:1153; discussion 1153.


Herpes simplex. American Academy of Dermatology website. Available at: http://www.aad.org/dermatology-a-to-z/diseases-and-treatments/e---h/herpes-simplex . Accessed March 20, 2013.


Herpes. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/herpes.html . Updated December 2010. Accessed March 15, 2013.


Herpes simplex. DermNet NZ website. Available at: http://dermnetnz.org/viral/herpes-simplex.html . Updated February 6, 2013. Accessed March 20, 2013.


Schmid-Wendtner MH, Korting HC. Penciclovir cream—improved topical treatment for herpes simplex infections. Skin Pharmacol Physiol . 2004;17:214-8.


Spruance S, Bodsworth N, Resnick H, et al. Single-dose, patient-initiated famciclovir: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial for episodic treatment of herpetic labialis. J Am Acad Dermatol . 2006;55:47-53.


Spruance SL, Jones TM, Blatter MM, Vargas-Cortes M, et al. High-dose, short-duration, early valacyclovir therapy for episodic treatment of cold sores: results of two randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter studies. Antimicrobial Agent Chem . 2003;1072-1080.

 

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