Munson Health
 
Atelectasis

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by Wood D

(Collapsed Lung)

 

Causes

Atelectasis is caused by a:
  • Blockage of the airway
  • Reduced amount of surfactant, a liquid that keeps the lungs expanded
Blockage may be caused by:
Reduced amounts of surfactant may be caused by:
  • Lung immaturity in premature babies
  • Fluid accumulation
  • Failure to take deep breaths
  • Not coughing, which keeps the airway clear
 

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your chance for atelectasis include:
 

Prevention

To help reduce your chance of atelectasis, take these steps.
 

RESOURCES

American Lung Association
http://www.lung.org

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

The Canadian Lung Association
http://www.lung.ca

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

 

References


Explore atelectasis. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/atl/ . Updated January 13, 2012. Accessed September 19, 2013.


Behrman RE, et al. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2007.


Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Textbook of Internal Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2008.


Mason, RJ et al. Murray & Nadel’s Textbook of Respiratory Medicine. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2007.


Spontaneous pneumothorax in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated June 28, 2013. Accessed September 19, 2013.

 

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