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Endometrial Biopsy

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by Puzanov I

(Biopsy, Endometrial)

Click here to view an animated version of this procedure.
 

What to Expect

Prior to Procedure

You may need to schedule the biopsy for a certain time during your menstrual cycle.
Your doctor may do the following:
  • Physical and pelvic exam
  • Blood tests
  • Urine test
Leading up to your procedure, you may be advised to:
  • Take a pain reliever one hour before the procedure.
  • Wear or bring a sanitary pad to the health clinic.

Anesthesia

Usually none is needed. Sometimes local anesthesia is used to numb the cervix.

Description of the Procedure

You will lie on a table with your feet in footrests. The doctor will use a speculum to look into the vagina. An instrument called a tenaculum will be used to grasp the cervix. A flexible, thin, suction tube will be passed through the vagina and into the uterus. The doctor will suction out a small sample of endometrial tissue.

Immediately After Procedure

After the biopsy, you may feel lightheaded. Lying down for 5-10 minutes will help. Once you feel better, you will be able to go home.

How Long Will It Take?

About 10-15 minutes

Will It Hurt?

You may feel some cramping and pressure during the biopsy. Your doctor may give you pain medicine after the procedure.

Post-procedure Care

When you return home after the procedure, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
  • Expect some cramping and bleeding. Use sanitary napkins. Do not use tampons.
  • Ask your doctor when you can resume:
    • Using tampons
    • Having sex
  • Be sure to follow your doctor's instructions .
Your doctor will receive results in about a week. She will work with you to create a treatment plan.
 

RESOURCES

American Cancer Society
http://www.cancer.org

The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
http://www.acog.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index%5Fe.html

Women's Health Matters
http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca

 

References


Abnormal uterine bleeding. Family Doctor.org. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/women/reproductive/menstrual/470.html . Updated September 2006. Accessed June 4, 2008.


How is endometrial cancer diagnosed? American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/ . Updated November 2006. Accessed June 4, 2008.


6/2/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med . 2011;124(2):144-154.e8.

 

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