Munson Health
Medications for Heart Failure

Back to Document

by Badash M
The information provided here is meant to give you a general idea about each of the medications listed below. Only the most general side effects are included, so ask your doctor if you need to take any special precautions. Use each of these medications as recommended by your doctor, or according to the instructions provided. If you have further questions about usage or side effects, contact your doctor.
The following medications may be used to treat heart failure.

Prescription Medications

  • Hydrochlorothiazide
  • Chlorothiazide
  • Metolazone
  • Furosemide
  • Bumetanide
  • Triamterene
  • Spironolactone
  • Torsemide
  • Indapamide
  • Polythiazide
  • Amiloride
  • Combination agents
  • Eplerenone
  • Captopril
  • Enalapril
  • Lisinopril
  • Benazepril
  • Quinapril
  • Ramipril
  • Fosinopril
  • Moexipril
  • Trandolapril
  • Perindopril
  • Isosorbide dinitrate
  • Nesiritide
  • Hydralazine
  • Nitrate drugs
  • Minoxidil
  • Losartan
  • Irbesartan
  • Valsartan
  • Candesartan
  • Eprosartan
  • Telmisartan
  • Olmesartan
  • Metoprolol
  • Atenolol
  • Carvedilol
  • Bisoprolol
  • Propranolol
  • Sotalol
  • Pindolol
  • Penbutolol
  • Acebutolol
  • Timolol
  • Nadolol
  • Betaxolol
  • Digoxin
  • Digitoxin

Prescription Medications

  Aldosterone Receptor Blocker
Common names include eplerenone
Aldosterone receptor blockers are generally used to treat high blood pressure. The drug may be used to treat people who develop heart failure following an acute heart attack.
Possible general side effects include:
  • Headache
  • Lightheadedness
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Cough
  • Fatigue
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Breast enlargement or tenderness


ACCF/AHA Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Heart Failure in Adults. A Report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2009;119(14):1977-2016.

Flather MD, Yusuf S, et al. Long-term ACE-inhibitor therapy in patients with heart failure or left-ventricular dysfunction: a systematic overview of data from individual patients. ACE-Inhibitor Myocardial Infarction Collaborative Group. Lancet. 2000;355:1575

Heart failure. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated August 20, 2013. Accessed October 9, 2013.

Heart failure medications. American Heart Association website. Available at: Updated October 12, 2012. Accessed October 9, 2013.

How is heart failure treated? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: Updated January 9, 2012. Accessed October 9, 2013.

4/2/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Choosing wisely. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated March 26, 2014. Accessed April 2, 2014.


Revision Information