Munson Health
Medications for Lipid Disorders

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by Wood D
The information provided here is meant to give you a general idea about each of the medications listed below. Only the most general side effects are included. Ask your doctor if you need to take any special precautions. Use each of these medications only as recommended by your doctor, and according to the instructions provided. If you have further questions about usage or side effects, contact your doctor.
Note: Be sure to tell your doctor what other prescribed or over-the-counter medicines, supplements, or herbs you are taking; they could interact with your medications.
If your cholesterol level is elevated, your doctor may recommend medication in addition to diet and lifestyle changes. The decision to start cholesterol-lowering drugs depends not only on your cholesterol level but also on your overall heart-disease risk. Heart disease risk factors include age, obesity, family history, smoking, diabetes, and high blood pressure.
The following medications may be used to treat lipid disorders.

Prescription Medications

Statins (HMG CoA Reductase Inhibitors)
  • Fluvastatin
  • Atorvastatin
  • Lovastatin
  • Pravastatin
  • Simvastatin
  • Rosuvastatin
  • Pitavastatin
  • Cholestyramine
  • Colestipol
  • Colesevelam
  • Gemfibrozil
  • Fenofibrate
  • Ezetimibe


American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association. 2013 ACC/AHA Guideline on the Treatment of Blood Cholesterol to Reduce Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Risk in Adults. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013: early online. Available at: Accessed January 13, 2014.

How is high blood cholesterol treated? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: Updated September 19, 2012. Accessed January 13, 2014.

Hypercholesterolemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated November 20, 2013. Accessed January 13, 2014.

Hypertriglyceridemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated November 20, 2013. Accessed January 13, 2014.

Lipid-lowering pharmacotherapy overview. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated December 24, 2013. Accessed January 13, 2014.

Prevention and treatment of high cholesterol. American Heart Association website. Available at: Updated May 1, 2013. Accessed January 13, 2014.

1/30/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Mills EJ, Rachlis B, et al. Primary prevention of cardiovascular mortality and events with statin treatments: a network meta-analysis involving more than 65,000 patients. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008;52:1769-1781.

3/5/2012 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance FDA announces safety changes in labeling for some cholesterol-lowering drugs. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: Published February 28, 2012. Accessed March 5, 2012.


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