Munson Health
 
Rotavirus

Back to Document

by Kohnle D
 

Definition

Rotavirus can easily pass from person to person.
Digestive Tract
Digestive tract
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
 

Symptoms

Symptoms of rotavirus may vary from person to person but may include:
These symptoms can range from mild to severe. They often last about 3 to 8 days.
 

Treatment

There is no treatment for rotavirus itself. Viruses do not respond to antibiotics.
  • Rehydration fluids—such as Pedialyte for children
  • IV fluids—if dehydration is severe
For children, the doctor may advise probiotics. Probiotics may help reduce the duration and severity of diarrhea symptoms.
 

Prevention

Good hygiene is the best way to help reduce the spread of rotavirus. This includes, taking the following steps:
  • Wash your hands often.
  • If someone in your house has rotavirus, encourage everyone to wash hands more often.
  • Always wash your hands:
    • After using the toilet
    • After changing a baby's diaper or helping a child use the toilet
    • Before handling or preparing food
There is a vaccine to prevent rotavirus in babies. Your baby may need two or three doses between the ages of 2-6 months.
 

RESOURCES

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov

US Food and Drug Administration
http://www.fda.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

About Kids Health
http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

 

References


Rotavirus. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/rotavirus/index.html. Updated October 28, 2010. Accessed February 20, 2013.


Rotavirus. American Academy of Pediatrics Healthy Children website. Available at: http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/vaccine-preventable-diseases/Pages/Rotavirus.aspx. Updated January 16, 2012. Accessed February 20, 2013.


Rotavirus gastroenteritis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 7, 2013. Accessed February 20, 2013.


Rotavirus vaccine access and delivery. PATH website. Available at: http://sites.path.org/rotavirusvaccine/. Accessed February 20, 2013.


Rotavirus Vaccine Live Oral. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 25, 2013. Accessed February 20, 2013.


12/14/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Leder K, Sinclair M, Forbes A, Wain D. Household clustering of gastroenteritis. Epidemiol Infect. 2009;137(12):1705-1712.


4/28/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Sindhu KN, Sowmyanarayanan TV, et al. Immune response and intestinal permeability in children with acute gastroenteritis treated with Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;58(8):1107-1115.

 

Revision Information