A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.
If you are a man, it is possible to develop
with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing testicular cancer. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your doctor what you can do to reduce your risk.
Risk factors for testicular cancer include the following:
You are at greatest risk between the ages of 20-35 years. Out of 100,000 men in this age group, 8-14 men will get testicular cancer. There is also a small increase in risk during early childhood.
Having 1 or more
is a major risk factor for testicular cancer. The American Cancer Society, in its detailed guide to testicular cancer, states that about 14% of cases of testicular cancer occur in men with a history of undescended testicles.
It should be noted that surgical correction of the undescended testicle does not prevent a future cancerous tumor, but it does make it easier to detect.
Other medical conditions that can increase your risk of testicular cancer include:
- Atrophic testicle—a testicle that is smaller in size than normal
- Cancer in the other testicle
Mumps orchitis—inflammation of the testes caused by the
- Klinefelter syndrome
Some data indicate that
may also increase the risk of testicular cancer.
Testicular cancer occurs 5 times more often in white men than in black men.
Being of a higher socioeconomic status also puts you at higher risk for testicular cancer.
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