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Urinary Tract Infections in Childhood

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by Kohnle D

(UTI in Childhood)


Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your child's chance of developing a urinary tract infection include:
  • Abnormalities of the urinary tract, including:
    • Vesicoureteral reflux —urine flows backwards from the bladder up into the kidneys
    • Urinary obstruction—something is blocking or slowing the flow of urine
  • Holding urine for long periods of time
  • Not fully emptying the bladder
  • Poor hygiene and toilet habits
  • Clothing that is too tight, especially if it is not cotton
  • Family history of UTIs
  • Uncircumcised penis


Symptoms include:


Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians

National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse



About Kids Health

Health Canada



American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) clinical practice guideline on diagnosis and management of initial UTI in febrile infants and children aged 2 to 24 months. Pediatrics. 2011 Sep;128(3):595.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) prevention. Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center website. Available at: Updated January 2010. Accessed May 15, 2013.

Urinary tract infection in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated February 12, 2013. Accessed May 15, 2013.

Urinary tract infections—urological overview. The Cleveland Clinic Health Information Center website. Available at: Accessed May 15, 2013.

12/5/2007 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Pohl A. Modes of administration of antibiotics for symptomatic severe urinary tract infections [review]. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2007(4). DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003237.

11/6/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Craig JC, Simpson JM, Williams GJ, et al. Antibiotic prophylaxis and recurrent urinary tract infection in children. N Engl J Med. 2009;361(18):1748-1759.


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