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Urinary Tract Infections in Childhood

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by Kohnle D

(UTI in Childhood)

 

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your child's chance of developing a urinary tract infection include:
  • Abnormalities of the urinary tract, including:
    • Vesicoureteral reflux —urine flows backwards from the bladder up into the kidneys
    • Urinary obstruction—something is blocking or slowing the flow of urine
  • Holding urine for long periods of time
  • Not fully emptying the bladder
  • Poor hygiene and toilet habits
  • Clothing that is too tight, especially if it is not cotton
  • Family history of UTIs
  • Uncircumcised penis
 

Symptoms

Symptoms include:
 

RESOURCES

Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
http://familydoctor.org

National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse
http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

About Kids Health
http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

 

References


American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) clinical practice guideline on diagnosis and management of initial UTI in febrile infants and children aged 2 to 24 months. Pediatrics. 2011 Sep;128(3):595.


Urinary tract infection (UTI) prevention. Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center website. Available at: http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/health/u/uti-prevention/. Updated January 2010. Accessed May 15, 2013.


Urinary tract infection in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 12, 2013. Accessed May 15, 2013.


Urinary tract infections—urological overview. The Cleveland Clinic Health Information Center website. Available at: http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/urinary%5Ftract%5Finfections/urology%5Foverview.aspx. Accessed May 15, 2013.


12/5/2007 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Pohl A. Modes of administration of antibiotics for symptomatic severe urinary tract infections [review]. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2007(4). DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003237.


11/6/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Craig JC, Simpson JM, Williams GJ, et al. Antibiotic prophylaxis and recurrent urinary tract infection in children. N Engl J Med. 2009;361(18):1748-1759.

 

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