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Medications for Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

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by Polsdorfer R
 
The information provided here is meant to give you a general idea about each of the medications listed below. Only the most general side effects are included, so ask your doctor if you need to take any special precautions. Use each of these medications as recommended by your doctor, or according to the instructions provided. If you have further questions about usage or side effects, contact your doctor.
Medications are of some benefit in treating PAD and generally fall into two categories:
  • Medications that improve flow through narrowed arteries
  • Medications that thin the blood so that it does not clot as easily

Prescription Medications

  • Clopidogrel
  • Ticlopidine
  • Dipyridamole
  • Cilostazol
Clot-busting drugs (thrombolytic drugs)
  • Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA, alteplase)
  • Warfarin
  • Heparin

Over-the-Counter Medications

Prescription Medications

 

References


American Family Physician. Peripheral vascular disease: diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2006;73(11):1971-1976.


Hills AJ, Shalhoub J, et al. Peripheral arterial disease. Br J Hosp Med (Lond). 2009;70(10):560-565.


How is peripheral arterial disease treated? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pad/treatment.html. Updated June 2, 2014. Accessed June 23, 2014.


Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) of lower extremities. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 13, 2014. Accessed June 23, 2014.


Prevention and treatment of PAD. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/PeripheralArteryDisease/Prevention-and-Treatment-of-PAD%5FUCM%5F301308%5FArticle.jsp. Updated February 26, 2014. Accessed June 23, 2014.


11/18/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed.: Rooke TW, Hirsch AT, Misra S, et al. 2011 ACCF/AHA focused update of the guideline for the management of patients with peripheral artery disease (updating the 2005 guideline): a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2011;124(18):2020-2045.

 

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